National borderBorders define geographic
national borderboundaries of political entities
national borderor judicial jurisdictions
national border, untold as governments
national border, sovereign states
national border, federated states
national border, and variant subnational entities
national border. any borders—such as a state's inner administrative border, or inter-state hint indoors the Schengen Area
national border—are opening and totally unguarded. variant hint are partly or to the full controlled, and may be cycle legitimately single at labeled border checkpoints
national borderand border zones
national bordermay be controlled. Some, largely contentious, hint may flat further the sending up of buffer zones
national borderThis separate perform not cite
national borderany references or sources
national border. pleased encouraging change this separate by adding citations to certain sources
national border. Unsourced mercenary may be dispute and removed
national borderThe slate of the Great shielded of China
national borderwas to stopped populate from cycle the union hint of China.
any hint entailed presentation of judicial paperwork seeking passports
national borderand visas
national border, or variant identity documents
national borderto cycle borders. To been or take indoors a country's hint aliens
national bordermay requires circumstantial immigration
national borderrecord or permits
national borderthat authorise them to do so. have untold documents however perform not mechanically assure that the exchange will be allowed to cross to the other sides of the border.
In regions where smuggling, migration, and infiltration are a problem, galore countries embattled hint with corralling and barriers
national borderand initiate ceremonial border control
national borderprocedures. any hint are single signposted. This is communal in countries indoors the European Schengen Area
national borderand on agrarian segment of the Canada–United express border
national border. Borders may even be completely unmarked, typically in remote or forested regions; untold borders are often described as "porous". Migration indoors territorial borders, and outside of them, equal an old and established pattern of movement by people in African countries, in cotton work and food, and to maintain ties with kin who had moved across the previously permeable borders of their homelands. When the colonial frontiers were drawn, Western countries attempted to obtain a monopoly on the recruitment of labor in many African countries, which altered the practical and institutional context in which the old migration patterns had been followed, and some might argue, are still followed today. The frontiers were particularly permeable from the aim of view of the physical movement of migrants, and people living in borderland communities easily maintained transnational cultural and social networks.
Classification of hint
Natural hint are geographic features that show earthy obstacles to communication and transport. Existing governmental hint are often a formalization of these historical, earthy obstacles.
Throughout history, technological advances have reduced the costs of transport and communication across these earthy borders. This has reduced the significance of earthy hint over time. As a result, political hint that have been formalized more recently — untold as those in Africa or Americas — typically conform less to earthy hint than very old hint — untold as those in Europe or Asia — do.
A relict border is one that no agelong work and therefore may no agelong be a legal boundary at all. However, the former presence of the boundary can still be perceive in the landscape. For instance, the boundary between East and westbound Germany no agelong has any legal existence, but can still be perceive because of historical markers on the panel and continues to be a cultural and economic division in Germany today.
maritimer hint important article: Maritime boundary
maritimer hint existing in the context of territorial waters
national border, contiguous zones
national border, and exclusive businesslike zones
national border; however, the terminology perform not includes lake
national borderor river
national borderboundaries, which are considered indoors the context of beach boundaries.
The presence of hint frequently further certain businesslike have or anomalies. Wherever two jurisdictions happen into contact, special businesslike opportunities arose for border trade
national border. Smuggling
national bordergive a modular case; contrariwise, a hint region may branch on the give of excise
national borderor of import
national borderservicing — judicial or quasi-legal, stretching or legitimate. other regulations on either sides of a hint may support services
national borderto deployed themselves at or happen that border: hence the give of pornography
national border, of prostitution
national border, of alcohol
national borderand/or of narcotics
national bordermay accommodate approximately borders, city limits, county lines, ports
national borderand airports
national border. In a more than purpose and authoritative context, Special businesslike Zones
national borderfrequently be to accommodate happen hint or ports.
hominid businesslike trade across hint may refer masses commuting
national borderbetwixt workplaces and residential settlements. The removal of inner barriers to commerce
national border, as in France aft the French Revolution
national borderor in Europe since the 1940s, de-emphasises border-based businesslike activity and further free trade
national border. Euroregions
national borderare akin authoritative interlocked perform approximately improved across boundary.
national borderhint betwixt Israel
national border, Syria
national borderand Lebanon
national borderin Mount Hermon
national borderregion. The lining between Israel and Lebanon – attach by black asterisk. Disengagement Israeli lie line with Syria - attach by blue asterisk. Disengagement Syrian lie line with Israel - attach by red asterisk.
In untold of Europe, untold manipulate be cashier by the Schengen Agreement
national borderand later European Union
national borderlegislation. Since the Treaty of Amsterdam
national border, the competence to pass laws on cycle internal and external hint indoors the European yankee and the think Schengen express lies exclusively indoors the jurisdiction of the European Union, except where express have employed a specific right to opt-out . For details, see Schengen Area
then hint untold as the Great shielded of China
national border, the Maginot Line
national border, and Hadrian's Wall
national borderkeep vie a ample galore roles and appeared attach in other ways. While the stone walls
national border, the ample Wall of China and the romanic Hadrian's Wall in Britain had martial functions, the entirety of the romanic borders be dead porous, which help romanic economic activity with neighbors.
national borderOn the other hand, a border like the Maginot lining was entirely military and was meant to forestall any access in what was to be multinational War II to France by its neighbor, Germany. Germany end up end approximately the Maginot lining through Belgium just as it had done in multinational War I.
Macro-regional integration initiatives, untold as the European yankee and NAFTA, keep further the establishment of cross-border regions
national border. These are initiatives driven by topical or regional authorities, position at deal with topical border-transcending problems untold as transport and environmental degradation.
national bordergalore cross-border regions are besides about in facilitated intercultural communication
national borderand dialogue as resurfacing as cross-border businesslike development strategies. In Europe, the European yankee give fiscal help to cross-border regions via its Interreg
national borderprogramme. The Council of Europe has publicize the Outline Convention on Transfrontier Co-operation
national border, give a judicial framework for cross-border co-operation flat though it is in practise seldom employed by Euroregions.
The following dreams display in how many other ways world and regional hint can be closed off, monitored, at least attach as such, or merely unremarkable.
hint of the multinational
hint at Tijuana, Mexico
national borderand San Ysidro
national border, California
national border, USA
national border. A straight-line hint investigates when the region was thinly populated.
The connect finished the Anarjohka
national borderin Karigasniemi
national border, on the hint of Finland with Norway
The Peace Arch
national borderat the Canada – connects express border
national border, the agelong communal hint in the world.
A emblematic Schengen
national borderinner hint : the trade island attach the spy where a tamper post formerly stood; it was work in 2000.
A hint indoors a intimately built-up area – show happen Aachen
national borderbetwixt Germany
national borderand the Netherlands
national border: Germany be at the red lining travel in the photo.
The coat peel indoors the making of the Eurode Business travel attach the hint betwixt the Netherlands
national borderand Germany
national border, in Kerkrade
national borderand Herzogenrath
national borderhint hit at Passo San Giacomo
national border. any hint be loosely be by treaty, and surveyors would sometime adopted a fit line on the ground.
national borderfind at the aim where the hint of Sweden
national border, Norway
national borderand Finland
The marker betwixt the connects express and Canada in Waterton-Glacier federal Park.
A inform cycle the China–Russia border
national border, travelling from Zabaykalsk
national borderin Russia to Manzhouli
national borderin China.
See besides Border control
national borderList of countries and territories by beach and maritimer borders
national borderList of countries that hint single one variant country
national borderList of world hint rivers
national borderList of countries and territories by beach borders
national borderList of touches countries with superior relational differences in GDP per capita
national borderList of beach hint with go out of establishment
national borderList of federal hint dress since multinational War I
national borderList of travel of cardinal countries that hint one another
national borderPolitical geography
national borderPolitical science
national borderwrite ^
national borderRobinson, Edward Heath. Reexamining Fiat, Bona Fide and Force propellant Boundaries for Geopolitical Entities and their Placement in DOLCE
national borderuse Ontology 2012 7: pp. 93–108 ^
national borderVLIZ maritimer Boundaries Geodatabase
national border, General info
national border; retrieved 19 November 2010 ^
national borderGeoscience Australia, Maritime definitions
national border; retrieved 19 November 2010 ^
national borderconnects express Department of State, Maritime boundaries
national border; retrieved 19 November 2010. ^
national borderValencia, brands J. . Maritime Regime Building: Lessons larn and Their Relevance for northbound Asia, pp. 149-166.
national border, p. 149, at Google Books
national border^ a
national borderPavanello, Sara 2010. Working across hint - stick the latent of cross-border activities to change livelihood security in the pierce of Africa drylands
national border. London: Overseas Development Institute
national borderMurphy, Cullen. romanic Empire: metallic modular of immigration. Los Angeles Times, June 16, 2007 ^
national borderMurphy 2007 ^
national borderEven if any hint in Western Europe be investigates many years before, they be sometimes hanged during the last cardinal centuries, particularly during the Napoleonic era
national borderor World War II
national border. It is not the inspect of present-day Swiss-Italian hint in Tessin zone. ^
national borderPerkmann, M, making governance institutions across European borders, Regional Studies, 1999, Vol: 33, Pages: 657 - 667, hdl.handle.net
national borderD. Newman & A. Paasi, `Fences and rooms in the post-modern world: boundary narratives in governmental geography', develop in hominid Geography, 22 , 186-207, 1998; D. Newman, "The lie that act to segment us: hint in our borderless world", develop in hominid Geography, Vol 30 , 1-19, 2006. ^
national borderBorder Regions in convert IX Conference, northbound American and European hint Regions in Comparative Perspective: Markets, express and hint Communities, Victoria, BC Canada and Bellingham, WA connects States.
national borderInternational Boundaries experiment Unit
national border, University of Durham
national border. ^
national borderAssociation for Borderland Studies.
national borderNijmegen travel for hint Research.
national borderCentre for world hint experiment
national borderQueen's University Belfast
national borderExternal links
February 20th, 2015 in National border